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This Week in House History
The historical highlights featured in This Week in House History are written by the historians, archivists, and curators who preserve the history of the U.S House of Representatives. New highlights are added weekly. The collection, searchable by date or subject, includes more than 400 historical House events.
1947 National Security Act Becomes Law
July 26, 1947
On this date, the National Security Act of 1947 was signed into law, incorporating disparate defense agencies under a comprehensive bureaucratic structure. Proposed by President Harry S. Truman, the legislation created the National Security Council and the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA).
President Bush Signs the Americans with Disabilities Act
July 26, 1990
On this date, President George H. W. Bush signed the Americans with Disabilities Act (S. 933) into law. Among its impacts were the implementation of telephone relay services for the hearing impaired and building adaption requirements for other disabilities.
Rep. Clement Vallandigham is Born
July 29, 1820
On this date, Clement Vallandigham, a Representative who was eventually convicted of treason, was born in Ohio. A prominent leader of the anti-war “Peace Democrats” (or Copperheads), Vallandigham was arrested for sedition.
1980 U.S. Summer Olympic Team Awarded Congressional Gold Medals
July 30, 1980
On this date, President James Earl “Jimmy” Carter presented more than 450 U.S. Olympic athletes with Congressional Gold Medals on the Capitol steps. The U.S. Olympic team boycotted the 1980 Moscow Summer Olympics to protest the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan in 1979.